Nootropics: Your Questions Answered

What Are Nootropics? Nootropics cover a broad category of compounds with ‘cognitive boosting properties’. They can help increase your memory, boost learning ability, improve your mood and assist overall brain function. Also referred to as neuro-enhancers, cognitive boosters, or memory enhancers. Some state that nootropics can be natural or synthetic, others argue nootropics are always

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Microdosing Pyschedelics: what, how, why, when

There has been a renosaonce in research on psychedelics in recent years. Modern research (and not so modern!) has revealed the promising potential of LSD and psilocybin for treating alcohol and tobacco dependence, depression, and end-of-life anxiety, while related research on MDMA has shown great promise for treating post-traumatic stress disorder.  Psychedelics can also increase

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The Ultimate Guide To Gliotoxin (a mycotoxin)

After writing the master blog called The Ultimate Guide To Mycotoxins I thought I would write smaller blogs on each of the main mycotoxins. Let’s look at Gliotoxin. What Is Gliotoxin? Gliotoxin is a sulfur-containing mycotoxin. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring toxins produced by certain moulds (fungi). What Moulds Produce Gliotoxin? Gliotoxin is both the major and the

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The Ultimate Guide To Citrinin (a mycotoxin)

After writing the master blog called The Ultimate Guide To Mycotoxins I thought I would write smaller blogs on each of the main mycotoxins. Let’s look at Citrinin. What Is Citrinin? Citrinin (CTN) is a mycotoxin. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring toxins produced by certain moulds (fungi). What Moulds Produce Citrinin? Citrinin is produced by the mold

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Have You Heard About PEA: Palmitoylethanolamide?

What Is Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA)? Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is both considered an endogenous compound, being produced naturally in the body, and a food component (see below for what foods it is found in). It has  multiple functions related to metabolic and cellular homeostasis. PEA was identified back in the 1950s as a therapeutic substance with “potent anti-inflammatory

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The Ultimate Guide To Ochratoxin A

After writing the master blog called The Ultimate Guide To Mycotoxins I thought I would write smaller blogs on each of the main mycotoxins. Let’s look at Ochratoxin A- the most common mycotoxin I find in testing. What Is Ochratoxin A? Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by several fungal species. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring

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The Ultimate Guide To Alfatoxin

After writing the master blog called The Ultimate Guide To Mycotoxins I thought I would write smaller blogs on each of the main mycotoxins. Let’s start this series with Alfatoxin – the most common mycotoxin I find in testing. What Is Alfatoxin? The World Health Organisation describe alfaAflatoxins are poisonous substances produced by certain kinds

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The Ultimate Guide To Mycotoxins

What Are Mycotoxins? Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by microfungi that are capable of causing disease and death in humans and other animals. Because of their pharmacological activity, some mycotoxins or mycotoxin derivatives have found use as antibiotics, growth promotants, and other kinds of drugs; still others have been implicated as chemical warfare agents. What

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