The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) was developed to capture a set of fundamental protective factors (Hjemdal, Friborg, Martinussen, & Rosenvinge, 2001).
“The aim in developing the RSA was essentially to identify influential protec- tive factors based on the resilience research. A large literature review identified a plethora of protective resilience factors (Hjemdal et al., 2001). These were categorized into 15 different clusters of protective factors; 295 items were gen- erated. A series of studies using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses generated a six-factor structure with 33 items, namely: (1) Perception of self, (2) Planned future, (3) Social competence, (4) Structured style, (5) Family co- hesion, and (6) Social recourses.” (Hjemdal et al., 2011)
Psychometric properties of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and its relationship with life-stress, anxiety and depression in a Hispanic Latin-American community sample (click here)
Hjemdal et al., (2011) The Resilience Scale for Adults: Construct Validity and Measurement in a Belgian Sample (click here)