Faecalibacterium prausnitzii: One of the most abundant bacterial species found in the gut

There is an increasing interest in Faecalibacterium prausnitzii given its potentially important role in promoting gut health. Interestingly, it may be a useful biomarker to help in ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease discrimination (both inflammatory bowel diseases). There are large population of F. prausnitzii bacteria in the normal human body, occupying 6–8%, even 20% among all kinds

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Methane SIBO: Not always a bad thing?

Many of us are now very familiar with the role bacteria play in our digestive, and systemic, health, but not as many are likely familiar with the role of archaea. These little guys are responsible for the term ‘methane SIBO’. What Are Archaea? It has been estimated that about 33% of the world’s human population

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To Treat Or Not To Treat Blastocystis Hominis

What Is Blastocystis Hominis? Blastocystis hominis is a parasite that inhabits the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many animals. It has a worldwide distribution, and, is often identified as the most common parasite reported in human fecal samples (5–15% of individuals in developed countries and 50–100% of individuals in developing countries). The parasite has been

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Fibromyalgia – A Functional Medicine Approach

Welcome to my blog post ‘Fibromyalgia Testing – A Functional Medicine Approach ‘. Although chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been defined as a separate syndrome to fibromyalgia (FM), up to 70% of patients with fibromyalgia are also diagnosed with CFS and 35-70% of patients with CFS have also been diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Thus studies of patients

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Ankylosing Spondalyitis

What Is Ankylosing spondylitis? Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis, thought by some to be autoimmune in origin. It would appear that the most likely causative agent in the development of Ankylosing spondylitis is an environmental factor in the genetically susceptible, HLA-B27 positive, individuals. What is HLA-B27? It has been shown that more

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Akkermansia muciniphila: a “next-generation beneficial microbe”

Many of us are now familiar with the terms lactobacillus and bifidobacteria. These are often included in probiotic supplements, and found in fermented foods such as kefir, now widely available in many supermarkets and health food stores. But are you familiar with the bacteria Akkermansia muciniphila (bare with me!)? What Is Akkermansia muciniphila? Akkermansia muciniphila has

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Mindfulness: Part 2

In part 1 of this two part series on mindfulness (click here if you haven’t yet read it) we discussed the three components of mindfulness (intention, attention, attitude),  introduced the term “reperceiving”, and, highlighted the four direct mechanisms which lead to this shift in perspective. “Reperceiving—the capacity to dispassionately observe or witness the contents of

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Mindfulness: Part 1

What Is Mindfulness? It is “inherently a state of consciousness” which involves consciously attending to one’s moment-to-moment experience. Meditation practice is simply a “scaffolding” used to develop the state, or skill, of mindfulness. This post summarises just one paper, which must be one of my favourites in this area of health and performance (the paper

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Self-Compassion

Researchers are beginning to conceptualise self-compassion as a buffer, or moderator, of the relationships between distressing events and negative self-feelings. Self-compassion contains three components: Self-kindness versus self-judgment Common humanity versus isolation Mindfulness versus over-identification These components combine and mutually interact. Self-compassion is relevant when considering personal inadequacies, mistakes, and failures, as well as when confronting painful life

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Magnesium

With magnesium often claimed to be one of the most common nutrient deficiencies, and with so many clients asking about the nutrient I thought I would start creating a ‘master document’ on this amazing nutrient. So over the coming days/week I will add to this article with the aim of covering all necessary questions: What

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